The Definitive Shroud of Turin FAQ

the shroud draws you in, doesn't let go, and reveals itself gradually

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Are there coin images over closed eyes?

Pilate era Roman coins used in PalestineProbably not. This is one of the most over-reported pseudo-facts about the Shroud. The claim is that they are seen on pictures of the Shroud, not the Shroud itself. The shapes and details of coins, like with purported images of flowers, lettering and even partial inscriptions, are probably anomalies in photographic films that distort and amplify miniscule shadows of the fabric’s threads, dirt, and patterns of dark and lighter lines that are intrinsically part of the fabric. See: Primary criticisms of the coin identifications?

Some observers think the apparent coins contain bits of lettering and features that identify them as minted for Jewish use by Pontius Pilate between A.D. 29 and 32.  What seem to some to be coins may be simply pareidolia, a tendency to see patterns in random data. It is not like seeing faces in wood grain. The burden of proof belongs to those who argue that the images are there. That burden has not been satisfied even with scientific analysis tools.

There are two major studies of the coin images:

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