What do we learn from Evagrius Scholasticus’ Ecclesiastical History?
Evagrius Scholasticus (c. 536 - c. 595) was a church historian in the tradition of Eusebius of Caesarea. His objective was to continue where Eusebius left off. He covers the period from A.D. 431 to 594.
In his Ecclesiastical History he tells us that Edessa was protected by a “divinely wrought portrait” (acheiropoieton) sent by Jesus to Abgar. One important point is that it was widely known that there was in Edessa a piece of cloth with an image believed to be of Jesus.
The more important point was that it was not an ordinary image. As we read all the other early sources we see that the image was variously described as 1) painted with choice pigment, 2) formed by sweat and 3) not made by human hands.