The Definitive Shroud of Turin FAQ

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What are the Vignon markings?

Christ Pantocrator ca. 1100 from dome of church in DaphniPaul Vignon, a French art scholar and early student of the Shroud, identified several common characteristics of early artistic pictures of Jesus. These characteristics emerged starting in the sixth century, about the time that the Image of Edessa was found hidden high in a wall of the city. These are all, to some degree, found on the Shroud of Turin. The Vignon Markings, as they have come to be called, all appear on the Shroud as part of the image of the man or as anomalies in the cloth. They include:

In this picture of Christ Pantocrator, ca. 1100, from the dome of a church at Daphni, near Athens, notice the sweep of hair on right and left is like the Shroud's face. So, too are beard characteristics as well as the large eyes.

The theory is that the Shroud of Turin, then the Image of Edessa, was the original inspiration for various works of art with these markings.

Examples include:

 

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