Prayers And Denominations.
You let us know if there are any prayer requests and we will make sure that we will keep you and your family in our prayers and we are sure that God will make miracles in your life.
To be able to help people is a God-given opportunity t take a step closer to him and his blessings.
Science & Bible
There might be contradictions and arguments regarding this. But a healthy discussion is always welcomed.
We conduct regular prayer meets so that people can participate that experience the blessing the power of the Almighty.
Scientific Search For God
God Of The Gaps
Yunique walks around her neighborhood in Brooklyn, New York in a loose, fashionable outfit, with a gray shawl delicately wrapped around a baseball cap. It is not obvious that she is Muslim. The only hint of her faith may come if she decides to share her last name: Saafir, which means “ambassador” in Arabic.
Between September 17 and 19, the seminar titled Educational responses to Islamophobia and intolerance against Muslims in Europe was held in Budapest. Which FUNCI participated and was attended by numerous young people from different latitudes.
This seminar was framed, on the one hand, in the ” No Hate Speech Movement” of the Council of Europe (CoE), which aims to mobilize citizens, especially young people, against all forms of intolerance and, on the other hand, the seminar is included in the educational activities of the OSCE/ODIHR to combat discrimination against Muslims in Europe.
The objective of the first day of the seminar was to explore the causes, forms, and manifestations of Islamophobia in our societies. Hate speech encompasses any form of expression that justifies, spreads, incites, or promotes forms of rejection based on intolerance and discrimination.
On the other hand, the visual becomes very important in Islamophobic attitudes, as shown by the tiresome debates in Europe about the veil or the minarets or the attacks against Sikhs in the United States; only because they are mistakenly perceived as Muslims. Due to the use of the turban. For this reason, we can affirm that Islamophobia is suffered more by women precisely. Because of the veil as a visual marker of identity.
The rejection of people we perceive as different and, specifically, the discrimination against Muslims for visually belonging to a group, often leads to the elaboration of racial characterizations or special vigilance over any minimum action of a Muslim.
There are six major stereotypes in European public discourse about Muslims:
- All are equal
- Everyone is motivated by religion
- They are completely different from us
- They are culturally and morally inferior to us
- It is impossible to cooperate with them
- They are a threat to our countries
Other fairly widespread stereotypes could be added. For example, all Muslims are violent and uneducated.
In this way, the denial of Islam and Muslims is often used to define a regional, national or European identity, in line with one of the traits of Orientalism, as defined by Edward Said: the use of the other Arab-Muslim for Europe to define itself in opposition to him. Argument widely used by the European extreme right.
Within the framework of the debates on multiculturalism in Europe. There have been many attempts to specify a definition of European identity. And it has been practically impossible to define some basic features. Thus, there has been confusion between Europe and the European Union. Therefore, a discriminatory attitude towards Muslims often involves confronting these principles with Islam and Muslims, as supposed representatives of the absence of democracy, human rights, and others.
Responses to Islamophobia
The second day of the seminar focused on responses to Islamophobia from education in Europe. Specifically, familiarizing the participants with the materials and tools created by the CoE and OSCE/ODIHR. A campaign focused on young people and the Internet that has an international network of activists (to which you can join) to raise awareness of these issues by mobilizing young people, detecting forms of hate speech online, supporting those who experience it, and reducing its impact. In this context, the CoE has prepared COMPASS.
The manual on Human Rights Education with Youth. On the other hand, Bookmarks is a specific manual to combat racism and xenophobia on the internet. Both are very insistent on the importance of understanding the boundary between freedom of expression. And hate speech include a wide variety of practical techniques, activities, and methods.
A mother and her son walk down the street. Her son de Ella says to her: “Look, mom, a black man”. She replies: “no, they are, he is not a black man, he is our neighbor”. This brief dialogue mentioned in the seminar sums up well the need to break down simplistic stereotypes about identity. And to get to know better people who apparently do not share our identity or culture. We must never forget that we were all born free and equal in dignity and rights.
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The digital ecosystem is configured today as the central space of the battle against hate speech since it is in that common place where the attitudes of rejection of the other take shape before and with greater force. There is an urgent need to transform the narrative of hate from within this universal communication system, providing the population with alternative stories that modify the way in which they perceive the communities of our country, and that endorse the advantages of freer and more tolerant societies.
Here we give you an example of exercises routine for teenager and how the diet should be to complement a training plan for young people. It is suitable for both men and women.
How to have a good body in adolescence?
To have a good body in adolescence, a routine of body exercises (or with light weights) must be combined with a good diet. In addition, at this stage of life, sports are an ideal type of training to increase muscle mass throughout the body.
To mark abdominals, not only should you do abdominal exercises, but also reduce sugar consumption and complement with some sport or cardio exercise.
What activities can you do:
- Do a 40-minute exercise routine at least 4 times a week
- Exercises with bodyweight or with weights less than 10 Kg
- Do not eat large amounts of sugar, white flour, sugary soft drinks
- Eat more cereals: oatmeal, quinoa, buckwheat
- Protein should be part of all your main meals
- Swap junk food for nuts and healthy fats
workout routine for teens at home
An exercise routine for teenagers should combine static exercises with dynamic ones. This is one of improving power, endurance, and muscle strength at the same time.
Young people should place special emphasis on avoiding errors in the technique of the exercises in the routine. Otherwise, sports injuries may appear.
We remember that the most important thing in a routine for teenagers should be to emphasize improving the technique of the exercises. Just as adolescents should not forget the importance of food and rest. To achieve a good body, this is even more important than the training plan.
Below is an example of a routine for medium-level teenagers:
Front Abdominal Plank
Abdominal plates or tables are one of the ideal static exercises to develop a firm and strong abdomen from adolescence and at home. A beginner must pay special attention to learning the technique and not shifting the weight to the arms. It is best to start the routine this way.
This is a fundamental functional exercise to strengthen the obliques and the lateral area of the glutes in adolescence. Repeating side plans for 30 seconds on each side twice is enough.
Push-ups are good for developing your pectoral muscles and triceps. When doing this exercise, your abs should remain like a plank at all times. If you don’t have a bench at home, you can use a chair or a support box.
One of the key exercises to learn is to feel the muscles of the lower abdomen. At 15 years old, it is particularly difficult to learn to tighten the lower abdomen, for this reason, we include it as one of the best exercises in the routine.
Burpees are a key functional exercise for the development of the body in adolescence. It is a basic bodyweight exercise of methodologies such as CrossFit and functional training routines for boys between 15 and 19 years old.
Hip raises are an ideal exercise to strengthen your glutes and lower back muscles. Teenagers should be especially careful not to force the neck and at all times try to include work on the back of the legs. You can help yourself with a mat.
Dips For Triceps
Dips on the bench are an ideal exercise to work the triceps. If you do not have a support bench, what you can do at home is to use a table, two chairs, a table, or any surface that is low.
Wheel crunches are one of the best abs exercises. In adolescence, it is recommended to always start with the knees supported and learn the technique. If you are not sure how to use the abdominal wheel you can check out this article on the abdominal wheel.
Pull-ups are an effective exercise for strengthening your back. For a teenager, it is particularly important to include it in routines as it allows to improve posture and stimulate muscle growth in the upper body.
Lunges are one of the best teen exercises to do at home. When lowering you must make sure that your back remains straight as a table, to achieve this you must help yourself with the strength of the abdominals.
Exercises With Balls And Jump Rope
These exercises improve coordination in adolescence and allow to increase muscular resistance and respiratory capacity.
Also, combining a bodyweight workout with a teen soccer workout is a good strategy for improving aerobic endurance in youth.
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Planning a tour to Mount Everest in Tibet is a dream for many travelers, and seeing Mount Everest is a highly desired experience. Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world, it is actually the top of the world. The best place for non-mountaineers to view the summit is from China’s Everest Base Camp (EBC). Mount Everest
When to go to Mount Everest
Although you can travel to many places, regardless of the season and weather, you should definitely pay attention to when is the best time to see Mount Everest. Avoid rainy weather, as for any remote mountainous location, especially if you want to camp. For Mount Everest, also consider ice, wind, and snow.
The best time to go is from late April to early June and from late September to early November, as there is little rain and snow, and daytime temperatures are above freezing.
Avoid winter time from November to April due to harsh weather conditions. Also, Tibet is normally closed in February and March.
We do not recommend that you go in the summer, from November to April, due to the harsh weather conditions. Also, Tibet is normally closed in February and March.
Permits required to Mount Everest
To enter Tibet you need a Tibet Entry Permit, and to visit Mount Everest you need a Foreign Travel Permit.
You are not allowed to apply for the permits yourself and you cannot travel to Tibet without a tour guide. You need to find a travel agency to help organize the same.
Naqari Region: Mt. Kailash, Lake Manasarovar, Tsaparang, Ali
Viaje A China offers you the Permit + private guide service and all our excursions to Tibet include our help to obtain the necessary permits
How to get to and from Mount Everest
Fly to Tibet and return by train
Many travelers want to experience going to Tibet by train. But it is much easier to get plane tickets to Tibet, and train tickets from Lhasa. It may take time to adjust to the altitude in Lhasa, more than the limits of a train before you begin your journey in Tibet.
After enjoying Tibet, you can take your time to enjoy the natural beauty on a return train. You won’t miss out on any of the Tibet experience by traveling this way, and your plans are much less likely to be cut short due to a lack of train tickets.
To Mount Everest by road
Mount Everest Base Camp is far from Lhasa, and only a good combination of transportation will allow you to enjoy a smooth journey. We do not recommend buses.
The most popular and comfortable way to go by road is to hire a van and a driver.
With China Tour, after your drive in Lhasa to Potala Palace, Jokhang Temple, etc, your driver and tour guide will pick you up from your hotel. It will take about 2 days from Lhasa to Rongbuk Monastery, about 3.6 km (2.2 miles) north of the EBC. Then you have to go out and take the bus or walk to the EBC.
To Mount Everest by rail and road
You can take a train to Shigatse, now the Lhasa-Shigatse Railway is open. The journey between Lhasa and Shigatse is about 3 hours. There is only one train between Lhasa and Shigatse per day.
Needed 8 days
You should not go to the EBC on the same day as your arrival in Tibet, due to the high risk of acute altitude sickness. It is recommended to spend three days in Lhasa and Shigatse to acclimatize and discover the Tibetan culture and to organize your travel and Alien Permit, before going above 4,000 meters.
The typical 8-day itinerary consists of three days for basic acclimatization, one night for further acclimatization in Dingri, two days for EBC visit and return to Lhasa, and day of arrival/departure to Lhasa. See our Mount Everest tour.
Mount Everest Tour with Travel to China
If you want to see Mount Everest, but are afraid of the harsh conditions, China Tours can help you make your trip more comfortable. Travel with China Tours and we will help you arrange permits to Tibet, hotels, an experienced driver, a good vehicle, and a local guide.
8 Days Everest Base Camp Tour: Enjoy the once-in-a-period experience of being close to Mount Everest at Everest Base Camp.
Mount Everest Trekking Tour: See the essential attractions of Tibet, and do five days of trekking from Dingri on your way to Mount Everest.
Or you can simply contact us to make an Everest tour tailored according to your interests and needs.
List to take to Mount Everest
Sun cream: Bring strong sun protection cream to protect your skin from the strong sun.
Sunglasses/snow glasses: UV light is very strong in the mountains. Therefore wear sunglasses to protect your eyes and wear snow goggles to prevent snow blindness if you are going to see Mount Everest in the snow season.
Lip Cream and Moisturizer: Tibet has a dry and cold climate, so take measures to avoid chapped lips and dehydrated skin.
Inner jacket (and sleeping bag if camping): It is very cold at night in EBC, even in summer. The duvets in EBC tent hostels may not be enough to protect you from the cold.
Good spare batteries: There isn’t much electricity at EBC, so you need to charge your phone or camera and batteries before the last leg of your trip. Cold weather will shorten battery life, so keep appliances/batteries insulated.
Food: Take enough food with you for the long journey if you can’t get used to the local food. There is little variety of food in EBC shops and hostels
Medicines: to reduce altitude sickness
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Have you ever considered learning to meditate? As a result of the pandemic and the consequences that it is leaving, many people have found in meditation an escape route to calm their minds. And it is that this ancient practice provides great benefits for mental and emotional well-being. So if you want to know how you can start meditating, read on. In this post, we are going to give you some tips so that you can put them into practice.
What You Should Know Before Learning To Meditate
As a beginner, you should know that meditation is a practice in which the person trains the mind to achieve some specific benefit. This method has its origins in India, but in the last decade, it has gained many followers in the West.
More and more people are interested in this practice, whether it is to calm the mind, reduce stress or find yourself. It is a way to improve the quality of life, both psychologically and physically. Now, starting to meditate is not easy because it requires discipline and a lot of practice.
Benefits Of Practicing Meditation
Meditation has been the subject of research for a few decades. Recent studies have shown several of the benefits of this practice for mental health. Thus, meditating serves to:
- Reduces the effects of stress.
- Increase the capacity for concentration and attention.
- Improve memory and cognitive functions.
- Promote the appearance of positive thoughts.
- Increase pain tolerance.
Learn To Meditate Step By Step
Finding the best time for you, the type of meditation, and posture are the key to developing the habit of meditation. Now, being the beginning, try different meditations and postures and choose the one that offers you the most comfortable and gives you the ideal mental state to do it.
Once you are clear about all this, follow the advice that we give you below.
Choose Comfortable Clothes
Also, forget about wearing a watch or other accessories. The important thing is that you are comfortable and focus on the here and now.
Find A Quiet Place
Find the place that gives you the most tranquility so that you can be relaxed and without being interrupted by anyone. It doesn’t have to be at home, it can also be in a park or on the beach. Any place that allows you to be comfortable will serve to immerse you in meditation.
Sit on the floor or on the mat with your back straight and without tension. Take a deep breath and keep your arms and shoulders relaxed. This is the basic and main position, but there are others that require lying down.
Focus Your Attention On The Breath
As you are just starting out in meditation practice, close your eyes and focus on your breathing. When you have more practice, you can focus on other meditations that focus on sounds or the body.
Accept The Thoughts That Arise And Move On
Accept all thoughts related to personal problems or insecurities that come to mind because it is normal for them to arise. And it is that meditation consists of that, accepting thoughts and emotions to achieve psychological well-being.
Progressively Increase The Time You Spend In Meditation
Start small to build up. It starts for a minute and increases until you dedicate half an hour a day. You will see how you achieve well-being and psychological balance.
Include It In Your Day To Day
Finally, as you practice meditation, include it in your daily routine. Little by little you will improve until you master this technique.
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Surely when seeing this type of alien practice you have ever wondered how much is true in our own religious beliefs, how they arose or why many of us believe in supernatural forces and beings. To try to answer some of these questions, biologists, psychologists, anthropologists, and historians, among others, have been joining forces for decades.
The key could be found in a mechanism that humans share with other animals: the hyper detection of agency, present at the base of animism, the belief that life, intentionality, will, or feelings similar to those of man are attributed to all objects of nature.
Agency Hyperdetection And The Principle Of Participation
Natural selection has fostered in most species a self-preservation instinct. That has fostered the spread of both their gene pool and their learned behaviors.
To maximize this evolutionary success, many animals, including humans, have developed an evolutionary strategy commonly known as agency hyper-sensing. This mechanism makes us stay on alert by assuming that there may be threats to our integrity behind certain unexpected sounds or movements.
A clear reflection is the detection of faces and bodies. Both human and animal, in all kinds of natural elements. From stones and trees to clouds and star clusters in the sky.
Probably one of the oldest examples of pareidolia is found in the cave of Lascaux, France. In it, dating around 15,300 BC, the constellation of Taurus would have been represented under the Pleiades cluster. Precisely, this constellation was one of the most revered in the Mediterranean and the Near East during ancient times.
Theoretical And Methodological Implications
Ultimately, significant efforts have been made to try to explain these evolutionary mechanisms. Thus, while a state of over-alert could facilitate the survival rate. The belief in supernatural agents could have arisen as a by-product. Ultimately generating advantages along the same lines.
The most widely accepted explanation for this is known as ” Pascal’s wager.” With this argument, it is argued that the belief in supernatural forces. And beings that can harm those who do not comply with their will have a priori few risks and great benefits. Regardless of whether these ideas and practices are true from a religious beliefs view.
For non-practitioners, to act or not in relation to its existence would not influence anything in their lives as long as it does not actually exist. However, if not, performing rituals and carrying objects against him would be much more beneficial than not doing so. From this point of view, the emergence of religious thought would have managed to consolidate thanks to the fear of the unknown.
As the reader will have noticed, the explanation developed here does not focus on religion’s personal and social utilitarianism. Instead, an attempt has been made to explain what could have been the emergence of such practices and beliefs. Animism is not a group resource to explain the beginning of beliefs in the supernatural.
Based on this assumption, animism could have been constructed from a sum of individual perceptions. From this point of view, the origin of religious beliefs can be traced anthropologically and, by comparison, with the archaeological record. This apparent contradiction between presentist hypotheses and studies on past groups should not be seen as a problem. Quite the opposite. Being aware of its limitation offers enormous potential for the archaeological discipline.
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A new national survey carried out by CONICET researchers makes it possible to trace links between religious affiliations and views on various key issues. Knowing through empirical data the religious beliefs and practices that go through Argentine society. And the way in which these are correlated with the educational level, gender, age, or region of residence. As well as with moral and political considerations, is key to being able to dismantle. Certainly established preconceptions and avoid falling into associations made too lightly.
In this sense, the National Survey on Religious Beliefs and Attitudes in Argentina. Carried out in 2019 by the Society, Culture and Religion program of the Society. Culture and Religion Program of the Center for Labor Studies and Research (CEIL, CONICET), is a fundamental contribution. Because it is its second edition, the first took place in 2008. It has the added value of allowing us to observe changes that took place during the last decade and to notice ongoing processes.
“Beliefs have significant weight when it comes to explaining people’s actions and that is why it is important to study them. In this sense, it is necessary to support social science research because otherwise, those who have power are those who do the work and handle the information privately. Our proposal, on the contrary, is to put this knowledge at the service of Argentine society and make it publicly available to those who want to consult it ”, says Fortunato Mallimaci, senior researcher at CONICET and one of the survey directors..
Decline of Catholicism
In relation to the 2008 survey, at the national level, there is a significant decline in adherence to Catholicism. Which in any case continues to be the majority- and growth of evangelicals. And of the segment that is not recognized in any institutionalized religion, as well as also of the atheists and agnostics. This is the case –although to different degrees- for the six regions of Argentina: AMBA, Patagonia, Centro, Cuyo, NEA, and NOA.
In just eleven years, adherence to the Catholic faith went from being over three-quarters of the population to just under 63%. Meanwhile, those without religion increased from 11.3% to 18.9% and evangelicals did so from 9% to 15.3%.
“A certain decrease in Catholicism, although more tenuous, can begin to be noticed in the passage from 1947 to 1960. Which is when the last two national population censuses were carried out. Which a question about religious affiliation was included. At that time, Catholics went from being 93% to 90.5%. This general trend is not exclusive to Argentina but is common to the different countries of the region. And more generally, to all the countries that once had Catholic hegemony. Something similar happens with the rising curve of those without religion and evangelicals. Points out Verónica Giménez Béliveau, independent researcher at CONICET and also director of the survey.
According to the researcher, in Argentina, compared to other Latin American countries. those without religion seem to grow at a higher rate, while evangelicals do so more gradually.
Views on society: a challenge for human rights
The tendency of Argentine society to move away from traditional positions. On issues related to sexual and family diversity does not necessarily have its correlation. With a progressive vision regarding other social issues.
More than 70% believe that there should be stricter control of the entry of immigrants. And just over half of the people say they are in favor of the introduction of the death penalty for serious crimes.
“These considerations in our opinion constitute a real challenge for Human Rights. This type of conservatism is more frequent in Catholics than among evangelicals. Who has greater resistance to change in aspects such as family diversity or the legalization of drugs?
Society, State, and religion
The results of the recent survey, when compared with those of the one carried out eleven years ago. Make it possible to assert that there is a growing tendency on the part of the Argentine population. Already underway in 2008 – to consider that it is preferable to keep the religious sphere separate from the religious sphere. state.
“If in 2008, the consideration that the State should not finance religious confessions had the adherence of 41.7% of the people. Today the figure rises to about 60%. Although with different figures, this position is the majority in the three large groups. On the other hand, the conviction that the State should only take charge of the financing of the Catholic Church. Already a minority a decade ago, went from 34.4% – just over a third of the total of those surveyed – to only 6.4% “, Warns Esquivel.
A similar situation occurs with regard to opinions about religious teaching in public schools. The idea that only the Catholic religion should be taught is a minority even among devotees of this cult. Among whom it reaches little more than 10 percent adherence. On the other hand, among the general population, the consideration that there should be no religious education in public schools. Less than three percentage points higher than that which indicates that there should be a general subject on religions. Which in 2008 was the majority.
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Under the protection of the Political Constitution of Colombia of 1886. The Catholic Church was a power parallel to the public. This has changed – at least on paper – since the 1991 Charter. Which recognized the freedom of belief as a fundamental right.
During the twenty years in which Professor Aydé Muñoz worked in public schools. She only accepted to teach the subject of Religion once. His area was technology, but — like other elementary and middle school teachers. He had to supplement his working hours with courses outside of his university training. He faced this challenge without major curricular guidelines since the best known among teachers are those that emerge from the religious education guidelines of the.
Since 1991, the country has been a secular or non-denominational state. Which in theory prevents this matter from being taught in public schools according to documents or doctrines of a specific confession or church. “As there were no guidelines, then there was a lot of academic freedom. And I based on my own convictions to focus the class on the history of religions.” The professor said, now retired, after 30 years of teaching experience in public and private schools.
The institution did not require training and suitability to be able to give this chair: “The schools do have a teacher certified in religious education, but those who give us hours to fill in the hourly intensity do not require more than our degree. One from his training knows that he has to be very responsible in planning, exploring the epistemological part so that it is not confessional or catechesis. One is more open to focus on the area, “he said.
However, this openness is not common. According to the sociologist and researcher at the National University, Wilmar Beltrán, on the contrary, it is easier for teachers to adhere to the guidelines that the Catholic Church proposes. And that impart their confessional vision in the classrooms since many are part of 57.2 % of Colombian Catholics and they teach the course from their religious perspective with the students.
Decree 4500 of 2006 of the Ministry of Education dictates the regulations on this matter in educational establishments. From pre-school to middle school. According to this article, the teacher must have a “certificate of suitability” issued by the ecclesiastical authority. Precisely, in his study «The class of Religion in the public schools of Bogotá» (2020), Beltrán points out that this certificate and its issuance do not obey an academic requirement in the strict sense, but rather ecclesiastical.
Article 68 of the Constitution states that in State establishments no person may be forced to receive religious education. Professor Beltrán pointed out that very few student. Parents and teachers also know about this right and that, “for teachers and directors of public schools. It is not practical to inform students and their parents about the optional nature of the class”, as this would require designing new academic activities for those who express their willingness to be exempted.
Freedom of belief
The current panorama is very different from that expressed in the Constitution of 1886. Which was in force for 105 years and in which it was promulgated that the Catholic, Apostolic, and Roman religion was that of the Nation. And that it enjoyed the protection of public powers as an essential element of social order. “The Catholic Church remained as a kind of parallel power, ” explained Tulio Elí Chinchilla Herrera, a constitutional lawyer at the University of Antioquia.
What is at the bottom of this discussion due to the perspective in which Religion is dictated in public schools? And the guarantees enshrined in the 1991 Constitution. When the National Constituent Assembly, on behalf of the “people of Colombia” – no longer ” in the name of God »- guarantees freedom of worship. “Everyone has the right to freely express their religion. And to spread it individually and collectively,” says the Charter, adding that all confessions and churches are equally free before Colombian law. In addition to that, they must be respected without favoritism on the part of the State.
Although the 1991 Constitution defends and guarantees religious freedom as a fundamental right in its article 19. In practice progress is still pending: a close relationship between the State and the Catholic Church persists. Expressed not only in the curricular and regulatory gaps regarding Religion classes but also in the presence of Catholic icons. And official establishments such as mayors, battalions, colleges and universities and, even, in the presidential possession that includes an oath “before God.”
“The confessional state in many of its expressions remains,” concluded Professor Chinchilla Herrera, adding that, although Catholics are still the majority in Colombia. The Constitution is “the fundamental political pact on which we all agree. If non-believers are excluded, for example, there is already discrimination.
Colombian politics has been related and conditioned by the relationship with the Catholic Church. And, at present, by different evangelical currents. The priest and doctor in Philosophy of the Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Carlos Arboleda Mora, pointed out that, although the Catholic Church was strongly linked to the State until 1991. Its proximity to political power has diminished, while new religious groups assumed that role. One sees that there are some Pentecostals with open political participation and their own party. With clear, visible support and publicizing a certain candidate.
It is not a phenomenon exclusive to Colombia. In Brazil, where one in four voters is evangelical, these groups have a broad representation of congressmen who are, in turn, religious leaders. Proof of this is that President Jair Bolsonaro was elected by evangelical voters through his nomination with the Social Christian Party.
According to Professor Chinchilla Herrera, the presence of the Catholic Church in Colombia. The progress that multiple churches or freedom of belief have had in the electoral and political scene. And also due to an absence or weak presence of governments in some vulnerable – rural areas, mainly-. The church goes where they do not reach, “because we have more territory than the State,” commented the teacher.
For his part, Arboleda Mora expressed concern by pointing out that many of these new religions. That reach the political spectrum are more akin to the ideology of the right. This is expressed in the questioning of abortion and the open rejection of euthanasia, assisted suicide. And the LGBTI population groups—, which generates more polarization within Colombia and other Latin American countries.
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History has taught us that great wars have been started by conflicts between groups with different religious beliefs. The attacks on the satirical weekly Charlie Hebdo show how religion remains a sensitive and dangerous issue for journalists to tackle.
For this reason, Brian Pellot, global director of strategy for the Religion News Service, has published a list of 5 useful tips for reporters that cover topics related to religion in hostile environments.
These tips are primarily intended to be useful for Western journalists working in countries such as Pakistan, Afghanistan, or Syria. But they are valid for any reporter who wants to report on matters where religion is a source of conflict, without dying in the attempt:
Know the limits
If you want to cross borders, you have to understand them first. Freedom of expression is grossly undervalued in many countries. Catch up on local laws and cultural sensitivities so you know taboo topics before you get into trouble.
Let Your Sources Say What You Can’t
Include alternative voices in your reports, of people who express ideas and opinions you could not express or who represent identities that are often ignored or distorted by the press. This may sound like a basic tenet of good journalism, but it is also a powerful way to bridge the gap and highlight local controversies and debates. Just make sure that the inclusion of such statements does not constitute a danger to you or your sources.
If you don’t mind having articles or opinion columns published without your respective author credit, consider writing anonymously or under a pseudonym.
Don’t believe for a second that doing so will make you totally untouchable. But if you are reporting on sensitive topics, you must take all necessary precautions to avoid being tracked, tracked, or identified. If you don’t, you are not only compromising your own safety but also that of your sources.
Get started with some basic privacy tips like those offered by the Electronic Frontier Foundation, Tor, Privacy International, and Access Now.
Report from exile
It will hardly be an ideal scenario, but reporting from another country is often a necessary option. If journalists and citizens are unable to cover sensitive religious topics from within their countries. They can safely and anonymously supply information to foreigners who have a wide audience.
Still, journalists living and working abroad must always keep in mind the safety of their family, friends, colleagues, and sources in their home countries. IranWire is a great example of this way of reporting.
Write between the lines
If you are concerned about automatic keyword censorship on the internet, get creative. Internet users in China have always referred to the Tiananmen Square incident on June 4, 1989. As “the thirty-fifth of May.” This strategy generally works only as a stopgap until the censors react. But if your readers understand this form of cipher language, go ahead and give it a try.
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